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Flexible polyurethane foams (PUR)

Flexible polyurethane foams are used mainly in production of furniture and sleeping mattresses, which amount to about ¾ of consumption of this material. Another 20% is used in automotive industry for production of seats and interiors.

The furniture industry, which is one of the key recipients of foams produced by the CIECH Group, remains characterised by very good economic situation.

Because of physical properties (low specific gravity) PUR foams are sold only on local markets. Therefore production base develops close to potential buyers. The CIECH Group is active mainly on the Polish market. However, export sales are being developed as well. Furniture manufacturers and foam processing plants are clients of the Group.

Globally, production of polyurethane foams is very fragmented (over a thousand producers of total production capacity of over 5 million tonnes per year). Production capacities of Polish producers are estimated at about 210 thousand tonnes per year. Major competitors of the CIECH Group on the Polish market are: Eurofoam, MZCH Organika and Vita Polymers. IKEA also hold large production capacities, however, they are designated mainly for internal purposes.

The CIECH Group, through Ciech Pianki Sp. z o.o., has about 16% share in the Polish market of flexible foams.

 

European demand for polyurethane foams used in the furniture industry only is estimated at about 1.3 million tonnes per year (including Turkey). Polish market is estimated at 185 thousand tonnes per year.

In general, demand for flexible foams depends on the situation in the industries that are the biggest consumers of the product i.e. furniture and automotive industries. In the case of the Polish furniture industry, very good economic situation has been recorded since 2013, and the last year was another year of high output growth, exceeding ten per cent (according to the Central Statistical Office data). Economic results and the financial position of the furniture industry (oriented mainly at export) depend greatly on the economic situation on foreign markets and on exchange rates of the Polish currency. High price competitiveness of the national furniture industry supports its good position on foreign markets.

 

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